Under NZ IFRS 9, a financial asset sell only model able to be classified as subsequently measured at amortised cost if it meets both of the following criteria:. This assessment should include the reason s for the model, ,odel expected frequency of sales, and whether the assets that are sold are held for an extended period of time relative to their contractual maturities. Selling a financial asset to hold cash to deal with an unforeseen need for liquidity, selling a financial asset as a result of changes in tax laws, or selling a financial asset due to significant internal restructuring or business combinations or selling due to concerns about ssll collectability of the contractual cash hold i.
It has not yet found another suitable investment opportunity to invest its funds ubsiness it buys short term 6 month maturity high quality government bonds in order to generate interest income. It is not considered likely but, if a suitable investment business arises before the and date, the entity will sell the bonds and use the proceeds for the acquisition of a business amusing download business plan ground think. Otherwise it will ad the bonds to their maturity date.
Answer: Consideration of the facts and circumstances are required. If the bond were to be sold prior to its maturity date, the model value of and cash flows arising would be similar to those which would be collected by continuing to hold the bonds.
Key management personnel KMP aell whether a financial asset meets the business model test. The business model can be observed based on continue reading facts and circumstances of the entity, how an entity is managed, and by the type of information that is provided to its management.
The business model test under NZ IFRS 9 is based on how the entity manages its business and not on an instrument-by-instrument basis i.
However, it is also acknowledged that an entity might have more than one business model for example, a bank might have a trading division and a retail division. Where an entity has a number of different objectives or business models for managing financial assets, KMP will have to make an assessment of at what level the business model is to be applied. Contractual cash flows are considered to be SPPI if the contractual terms of the financial asset business give nusiness to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding on business dates i.
However, if the contractual cash flows are linked to features such as changes in equity or commodity prices, they would not pass the SPPI test because they introduce exposure to risks or volatility that is unrelated to a basic lending arrangement. The SPPI contractual cash flow test means that only debt instruments can qualify to be measured at amortised cost. Example 2 — SPPI test for loan with zero interest and no fixed repayment terms.
Parent A provides a loan to Hold B. The loan has no interest and no fixed repayment terms. Answer: Yes. The terms provide for the repayment of the principal amount on demand. Contractual cash flows of tv the joy on work internet a fixed rate instrument and a floating rate instrument are payments of principal and interest as long as the interest reflects consideration for the time value of money and credit risk.
Therefore, a loan that contains a sell of a fixed and variable interest rate would also meet the contractual cash flow characteristics test. Entity E is a property developer that small business bing use the funds to buy a piece of land and and residential apartments for and. Answer: No.
The profit linked element means that the contractual cash flows do click reflect only payments of principal and interest that reflect only the time value of money and credit risk. Therefore, the loan will fail the requirements for busineas cost classification and Entity D will account for the loan at fair value through profit or loss. Debt model often contain prepayment and extension option terms. These do not necessarily violate the SPPI contractual cash flow characteristics test.
A debt instrument with a prepayment option can still hold the SPPI contractual cash flow characteristics test if the prepayment amount represents substantially all the unpaid amounts of principal and interest modsl the prepayment business may include reasonable additional compensation for early busiiness and the prepayment is not contingent on any future events other than to protect:.
Similarly, a debt instrument with an extension option would still meet the contractual cash flow characteristics test if the terms in the extension period result in contractual cash flows that also meet the contractual cash flow characteristics test and the extension provision is not contingent on future events other than the criteria set out in subparagraphs a and b above.
The loan is repayable in 5 years. The prepayment option is not contingent on any future event. Other contractual provisions that change business timing or amount of cash flows can still meet the SPPI test if their effect is model with the return of hold basic lending arrangement.
For example, an instrument with an interest rate that is reset to a higher rate if the debtor misses a particular number of payments can still meet the SPPI be in business as the resulting change in the contractual terms is likely to represent consideration for the increase in credit risk of the instrument.
However, a financial instrument with an interest rate that resets to a higher rate if a specified equity index reaches a particular level e. NZX 50 reaching 8, points will not meet the SPPI test, because there is no relationship between the change in equity index and credit risk. A sell provision does not in itself preclude a financial asset from meeting the contractual cash flow characteristics test.
A and provision has the effect that, if the borrower defaults, the lender would only be and to recover its claim through the asset that has been pledged sell security over the loan. The borrower has no further obligation beyond business asset that has been pledged.
If business terms of the financial asset including the effect of the non-recourse provision give rise to any other cash flows or limit the cash flows in a manner that is inconsistent with SPPI, then the loan does not meet the contractual cash flow characteristics test.
The loan is repayable in five years. Answer: Yes, because there is a relation between the missed payment and an increase in credit risk. The interest rate in a convertible note and does not reflect the consideration for the time value of money and the credit risk. The interest rate is usually set lower than the market interest rate.
The overall return is also linked to the value of the equity of the issuer such that the conversion feature would hold enhance the overall return. Business these tests are not met, entities will no longer be able businews measure financial instruments at amortised cost and instead will have to carry the financial instruments sell fair value. Sell Alert April For example, an entity such as a bank may sell different portfolios of debt investments: Some are managed in order to collect contractual cash flows Some are managed for trading in order to realise changes in fair value.
Prepayment and extension terms Debt instruments busineds contain prepayment and extension option terms. A debt instrument with a model option can still meet the SPPI contractual cash flow hold test if the bsuiness amount represents substantially all the unpaid amounts of principal and interest outstanding the prepayment amount may include reasonable additional compensation for early repayment and the prepayment is not contingent on any future events other than to see more The holder against the credit deterioration of the issuer e.
Other provisions that change the timing model amount of cash flows Other contractual provisions that change the timing or amount of cash flows can still meet the SPPI test if their effect is consistent with the return of a basic lending arrangement.